The motherboard is the backbone of the system and it provides all the connection points for the components in the PC. The number of items you can add and the types, and speed of parts like memory, drives, video cards, and expansion cards is determined by the board. Typically the more expensive boards will give you a greater number of connectors and / or connectors that can operate at higher speeds.
System memory is the work space for all the programs and files that are active on your system when running. When Selecting memory capacity, 4GB of memory will allow basic operation of more simple applications and smaller files. 8GB will allow most applications to run normally. 16GB, 32GB, or 64GB of memory are best for performance use with larger files and multiple applications.
Solid State drives (SSD) are over 10x as fast as mechanical drives and make a huge difference in system performance and responsiveness. SSD drives are used in most modern systems for the operating system and applications, but larger SSD drives (240GB+) can also be used to store files.
In the past mechanical hard drives like these were used as the main information storage location for programs, the operating system and files. Though they can still be used in this way, mechanical hard drives are now typically used to store files, while the operating system and programs are loaded on a separate SSD drive.
Video cards remove the task of graphics processing from the main system CPU and provide a separate engine and separate dedicated memory for graphics tasks. This allows for improved smooth motion gaming / video and special shading effects in gaming.
No Operating System
Windows 10 - Full use current mainstream operating system
Windows 10 Pro - Full use current operating system with domain based business networking capability added.